A NY Times article was published on June 7 1994 to ‘wrap up’ the latest, we will start here.
Santorini Volcano Ash, Traced Afar, Gives a Date of 1623 B.C.
By Walter Sullivan
June 7, 1994
“ASH believed to be from a great explosive eruption that buried the Minoan colony on the island of Santorini 36 centuries ago has been extracted from deep in an ice core retrieved last year from central Greenland. Its depth in the core indicated that the Aegean eruption, which may have given rise to the Atlantis legend, occurred in or about 1623 B.C.
From the top half of the 9,000-foot core evidence has been found of some 400 volcanic eruptions in the past 7,000 years. The ash spewed into the air was high and voluminous enough to reach Greenland, about 3,500 miles away. A prominent ash layer at a depth corresponding to 4803 B.C. may have come from the eruption in Oregon that destroyed Mount Mazama, leaving the giant caldera that is now Crater Lake.
Results of the analysis were reported last month in the journal Science by Dr. Gregory A. Zielinski of the University of New Hampshire and colleagues at the university and from the Army’s Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory in Hanover, N.H., and Pennsylvania State University.
The study was part of the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2, which extracted an ice core from the entire thickness of ice at Greenland’s summit. A second core extracted nearby by a European team is also being analyzed. Microscopic Analysis
Dr. Zielinski left yesterday to take microscopic ash fragments from some of the largest eruptions, including the one believed to have occurred at Santorini, to Queens University in Belfast, Northern Ireland, for analysis. Chemical analysis of ash from the eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea has shown that it all apparently came from the Santorini explosion.
Because wind systems in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere are somewhat independent, most eruptions evident in the Greenland ice have been attributed to volcanoes in the Northern Hemisphere. But there are exceptions. One in about A.D. 177 is believed to have been at Taupo, New Zealand, whose ash may have risen almost 40 miles.
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Ash layers in the core have been identified by their sulfur content. Fifty-seven of 69 events recorded for the last 2,000 years were matched with known eruptions. This was true, however, of only 30 percent of the older record, to 7,000 B.C.
The Greenland core records 18 huge eruptions that took place from 7,000 to 9,000 years ago, depositing unusually heavy layers of ash. That was when the great ice sheets were melting and, the authors of the Science article suggest, may have been when molten material deep within the earth’s volcanic zones welled up in response to the diminishing burden of ice. Those zones included Kamchatka, the Aleutians and Iceland, all upwind of Greenland or relatively near.
The earliest exactly dated eruption was that of Vesuvius, which destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum in A.D. 79, preserving their precious frescoes under a blanket of ash. The same thing happened 16 centuries earlier at Santorini, which is also known as Thira. The island was buried under ash that in places was more than 900 feet deep, preserving wall paintings that document in vivid detail the Minoan way of life.
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Wall paintings on Crete, the chief Minoan center 75 miles to the south, were not similarly protected from weathering, earthquakes and tidal waves and have been a major restoration challenge. Wide Area of Fallen Ash
Ash from the Santorini explosion has already been identified deep in sediment layers on the floor of the Eastern Mediterranean, in Egypt’s Nile delta and in parts of the Black Sea. There are also suspicions that its ash cloud persisted long enough to stunt the growth of oak trees in Irish bogs and of bristlecone pines in the White Mountains of California, producing tightly packed tree rings.
Uncovering the buried city on Santorini was first stimulated in the 1860’s when it was found that the ash made ideal waterproof cement. Shiploads were exported to build the Suez Canal, but not until 1967 did large-scale excavation of the buried city begin, to be led for many years by Dr. Spyridon Marinatos of Greece.
The demise of the Minoan civilization has long been a mystery and for many years Dr. Marinatos attributed it to ash clouds, earthquakes and tidal waves from the Santorini eruption and the collapse that formed its caldera. More precise datings, however, indicate that the Minoan decline on Crete came many years later.
The eruption, however, was clearly catastrophic and many archeologists believe that flooding and burial of Akrotiri, the Santorini city, could have been the basis for Plato’s account of Atlantis. Layering in walls of the Santorini caldera show that it has been the scene of many catastrophic eruptions.
Plato’s account is the primary source of the Atlantis legend. He attributed the account to Solon, an Athenian statesman of an earlier century. Many elements of the story seem improbable, such as an attack on Greece 9,000 years earlier by warriors from an island, “Atlantis,” in an ocean beyond the Pillars of Hercules (the Strait of Gibraltar). Yet Plato’s description of the destroyed island refers to many features, like the pursuit and sacrifice of sacred bulls, that were hallmarks of the Minoan civilization of Crete and Santorini.
The Atlantis invaders, said Plato, were defeated when there were “violent earthquakes and floods; and in a single day and night of misfortune all your warlike body of men in a body sank into the earth, and the island of Atlantis in like manner disappeared in the depths of the sea.” “
owever, it is doubted that such an advanced civilization, like the one described by Plato, every existed as back in the past as it is mentioned.
The article is nice but offers many questions and has drawn some opinions as well. Shall we dig deeper?
From Crystal Links: The Greek philosopher, Plato, brought to the world, the story of the lost continent of Atlantis. His story began to unfold for him around 355 B.C. He wrote about this land called Atlantis in two of his dialogues, Timaeus and Critias, around 370 B.C. Plato stated that the continent lay in the Atlantic Ocean near the Straits of Gibraltar until its destruction 10,000 years previous. Click Crystal Links above for more.
The connection between the myth of Atlantis and the island of Santorini: The mystery of the lost Atlantis is one of the most popular myths in the world. However, no one could ever prove that this island truly existed as described by many scientists and philosophers. Some support that the catastrophe of the Minoan civilization and Ancient Thera (Santorini) are strongly connected with the lost Atlantis, but few proofs have been presented for this.
The first written source for the myth of Atlantis came from the Athenian philosopher Plato (427- 437) BC, explaining that the people of Atlantis lived peacefully in a prosperous island beyond the Pillars of Hercules (in antiquity, the Pillars of Hercules were the narrow passages of Gibraltar), so it is assumed that Atlantis was probably located somewhere between Europe and America, maybe in the Atlantic Ocean. However, it is doubted that such an advanced civilization, like the one described by Plato, every existed as back in the past as it is mentioned.
WAS SANTORINI THE ORIGINAL ATLANTIS?
From the Atlantean Project: Plato tells about a circular island with concentric structures. Santorini today does have an impressive concentric geographic setting and had it also before the Minoan eruption. This has come out because of detailed geologic studies during the past 20 years. Some of the excavations have revealed an inhabited and flowering island landscape and the departing Therean fleet, and some concentric water-land ring structures are visible, too.
The Akrotiri area on Santorini — possibly the location of the ancient lost city of Atlantis — lies buried underneath ash as researchers work under a protective roof to unearth more treasures there. Credit: Youtube
New Findings on Santorini Point to “Lost Island of Atlantis” Origins
From the Greek Reporter:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KrnJJX_REPk&feature=emb_logo linked in article.
A new documentary airing on the Discovery Channel says that the ancient lost city of Atlantis may indeed have been located on what is now known as the Greek island of Santorini.
The eruption of the island — which was originally called Stronghili, or “round” — in 1650 BC, decimated all life on the island and erased an entire city-state, which has been shown by archaeologists to have been part of the Minoan civilization.
The island’s culture flourished 3,000 years ago before its inhabitants were so violently killed by the volcanic eruption — but researchers say its civilization had been in existence for thousands of years prior to that time.
Since its discovery in the mid-19th century, more and more paintings, objects and buildings have been uncovered, each one pointing to an extremely advanced and wealthy civilization.
The new documentary states: “Clues to the connection can be found in the incredible frescoes that decorate the walls of every home.”
However, the fact that it disappeared nearly instantly after the cataclysmic eruption of the ancient volcano “leads many to believe Santorini is the lost island of Atlantis,” according to the documentary.
“In its prime,” the film states, “its narrow streets are intricately paved with stone and its town square is lined with picturesque houses which tower three and four stories high. An array of colorful stones decorate the facades.
“The ruins suggest a highly sophisticated civilization flourished here for thousands of years before its abrupt end.”
So this is a few of the mainstream resources. One more: https://worldhistory.us/ancient-history/the-theory-that-thera-was-the-lost-city-of-atlantis.php
There are dozens more with many levels of ‘evidence’ All showing Atlantis was thriving for thousands of years before the Greeks spoke on it.
There are dozens more with many levels of ‘evidence’ All showing Atlantis was thriving for thousands of years before the Greeks spoke on it. Our world Earth has many pieces of history. We have been advanced peoples for many millenia, not 2. It has been shown we can look back at least 5 to 6 thousand years of advanced peoples. We need to look into this and ask, where did these civilizations go? What evidence is there about sudden civilization ending events? Are we in a conclusionary time of a Great Reset cycle?
Look for an upcoming post to address this question. Peace.